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This struggle went on throughout the archaic period and forced the Greeks to reconsider their laws. How could they. Could laws help men share well? They called on. The playing field was now level.
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The Greeks did. The law gave a citizen his power to speak and to be. The law guaranteed the citizen his land. Illegal actions could indeed result in punishment from men and gods, but the Greeks loved their laws, the children of. Plato and Aristotle reiterate Herodotus when they describe the ideal state as one that. In the Greek mind, there was no distinction between the state and the citizen. Now the advantages of everyone having a voice in the political procedure are not restricted. For instance, while the Athenians were ruled by tyrants, they were. This goes to show that while they were under an oppressive regime they fought below their best because they were working for a.
The end of the Persian Wars marked the start of the Pentekontaetia, a fifty year period characterized by two important developments: the beginning of the intellectual. During the Pentekontaetia, Greek intellectual investigation gradually shifted from the community of. Though the new humanist movement further empowered the Greek individual, opened up new ways of.
Now it referred to the degree to which man could achieve honor and success for himself. Relativism and subjectivism had now seeped into the Greek mind. He makes the claim that any clear knowledge of nature cannot be. Returning to the start of the Pentekontaetia, when these new ways of thinking were beginning to take root, Greece had two leaders: Sparta and Athens.
The latter led her allies in. Before the creation of the Delian league, Greeks fought primarily on land in phalanx formations. It was also an offensive organization, very different from the defensive. This situation arise without any other Greeks except possibly the Lacedaemonians noticing? One factor was money. Before even the Persian Wars Athens had struggled to pay for a navy.
Instead of middle and upper class a wage by his general. The end result of this was that the. The new soldier demanded his voice be heard over theirs. The power differential increased throughout the Pentekontaetia. Moreover, in the s the Delian. Athens which proved Delian policy was transforming into Athenian policy. Even Thucydides was forced to admit that Athens purchased its power. The Megarean Decree, the last straw for the Spartans in series of insults and transgressions, reveals how far down the imperial path Athens had trod.
The Athenians accused the. Two cities, Naxos and Thasos, attempted to leave the league in. The Athenians besieged and defeated both cities. Each city was forced to tear down their walls. Greeks still pursued and their fleets were confiscated. Therein lies the tragedy of Greek history, that the first democracy, a potent and. Realpolitik became the policy of the Peloponnesian War. Many policy makers in Athens, tutored as youngsters by the Sophists, favored this skeptical mode of thought, especially. Episodes like the near massacre of the Mytilenians show that thinking was never uniform xlvii.
It is even more disappointing that Sparta was next to fall to the temptation of empire. The Thebans, unlike the rest of Greece, were able to adapt their tactics in warfare to fit. They built a large professional army and shattered Spartan hegemony permanently at. Influenced by the players within them, who in turn. Greek leaders justified this desire with. Spartan commander whose victories helped bring an end the Peloponnesian War in He spent the next decade working to secure Spartan domination over the rest of Greece until his death in BCE.
The era of war was far from over. The Greeks in had. Often leaders did not bother to justify their actions at all. In the emerging culture, the land owning. The goal of this paper was not to vilify the Sophists. The intellectual movement of the fifth century sparked. Furthermore, our sources for this remarkable period in are all products of this movement. Without Herodotus. Xenophon himself was a student of the most famous Sophist, Socrates. Yet, he laments the cost of the sophistic influence on Greek thinking.
I disagree. Lysander and the rest were just a little greedy at the time. Speeches Trans. Jeremy Trevett. Austin: University of Texas Press, The Histories Trans. Robin Westerfield. Isocrates II Trans. Terry L. The Peloponesian War Trans. Steven Lattimore. A History of My Times Trans. Rex Warner. London: Penguin Books, Ehrenberg, Victor. From Solon to Socrates. We invite you to read at your personal discretion. For the purposes of this argument, unless stated otherwise, the term. A majority of the current work on Watchmen recognizes.
Yet, there is not much criticism that also recognizes the ways the text has not broken superhero tropes. Many of the elements in Watchmen appear to have changed in. The representation of female characters in Watchmen is highly representative of a heterosexual foundation that can most easily be seen through their interaction with 1. Watchmen may indeed be a revisionist comic, but it is revisionist in terms of the. Her costume in this photograph is just one of many examples of oversexualized female outfits; the tight black. The riding crop that she is holding brings the sexual nature of the photograph even more to.
He nothing wrong with a woman dressing to play up her femininity and. Instead, there would be an attempt to correct the long-standing theory that women should not dress in revealing clothing in public, and if they do, it is for the benefit of the male eye. The Twilight Lady is shown on only two pages in Watchmen, but she is not the only female with an oversexualized outfit.
It is important to note that both of these characters do refer. There are two main interpretations of the choice that Sally and Laurie make to wear these costumes. First, their use of the sexualized, stereotypical costume while performing hypermasculine. Second, Sally. It is true that Sally chose.
Her performative nature does not do anything other than echo. Laurie, the second iteration of the Silk Spectre, ends up wearing it in order to. There is a clear social hierarchy. It appears that the Twilight. What Watchmen is arguing here is that women should only. Before moving on, it is important to address the arguments that scholars. Many of the articles that address hypersexuality in superhero costuming claim. This is true. In comics, a majority of male costumes are just as gendered as those of the female.
Even just taking cues from. Superman and Captain America, the reader is given a hypermasculine superhero body: tight pants, tight shirt, rippling muscles; male cos-. When a female is put into a costume, it plays up her sexuality and femininity. This is not equality, and this is where we come to see the problematic nature of superhero costuming that.
Watchmen has failed to correct. There is an imbalance of power between the feminine and masculine that can be drawn back to masculine. Rorschach is not given a skin-tight costume, nor is Nite Owl. Yet every female avenger within the text has been given a costume that turns her into. Laurie and Sally do is only important in relation to the men around them. Neither of them do anything that is only important for themselves or for each other.
With Laurie, this can most obviously be seen with her inability to maintain a non-romantic relationship with the male heroes. She begins. This is a continuation of the permanent girlfriend status invoked in female superheroes in. This heterosexual linkage undermines the female superhero in that the. There is a traditional associ-. Some may argue that Laurie has the most power in the whole novel; she is, after all, the one that convinces the all-powerful Dr. Manhattan to come back to Earth. This entire chapter has. Watchmen seems to give Laurie power, but this power is only in relation to the men she is.
Laurie is not the only female in Watchmen to be tied to a man for her most important plot points within the text. Her mother, too, is a. She left her job as a masked avenger in. The male is able to retain his power, while the female had to give hers up in order to raise a child. Though there is nothing wrong with. Spectre, who keeps the group together. As her daughter Laurie formed the bond between Jon and humanity, it is Sally that forms the bond.
Before he is able to complete the deed, Hooded Justice comes in to find him kneeling over Sally and proceeds to beat and restrain. Watchmen could have done great things with an more important, she is the alibi for Hooded. There is no doubt that Sally plays a valuable role, but she is given no respect by the male. The biggest incidence of this disrespect is the attempted rape of Sally by the Comedian. The problem with Watchmen is not the inclusion of a scene like this. The problem is that there is never any resolution or message that explains why this violence is wrong. There is.
She remains a trope: a weak female, a damsel in distress that is saved by Hooded Justice. Even after the attempted rape she was. Even when Laurie finds out about the rape and confronts the Comedian, the same thing happens. After this, Laurie did was talk about the violence against her mother in a public.
She is a known prostitute, and we only ever see her through. As seen in Figure 8, the customer leaves after the young Rorschach. Never in Watchmen did. Here in New York. Rorschach goes on to. All Rorschach did was take the remains of her dress and. Donovan, Sarah and Nick Richardson. Irwin, William and Mark D. Hoboken: Wiley, Gray, Richard.
Richard J. Gray and Betty Kaklamanidou. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, Karaminas, V. Keating, Erin M. Wiley Online Library. Taylor, Aaron. If thou art able, O stranger, to find out all these things and gather them together in your mind, giving all the relations, thou shalt depart crowned with glory and knowing that thou hast been adjudged perfect in this species of wisdom. Born in Syracuse, many scholars believe that Archimedes studied in Alexandria as a young man.
It was there that he was taught by the followers of Euclid and. In his letter, Archimedes begins by describing the four herds of cattle on the Thrinacian island of Sicily. It is believed by many of that age that the herds of cattle belonged to. Nearly years. The software that I chose in order to solve the system is. But come, understand also all these conditions regarding the cattle of the Sun. The second problem continues to state that when mingled, the black and white bulls form a perfect square that is, the sum of the number of black and white bulls is equal.
These additional. This number can be broken down and simplified using the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic also known as the Unique Prime-Factorization Theorem , which states. When solved, the final answer in terms of the minimum number of total cattle possible is , digits . Solving the first problem was not out of the realm of possibilities for the intellect of the scholars at the Library of Alexandria.
However, they would have struggled in the. Their work would. In his work The Sand Reckoner, Archimedes utilized a numbering. It is. In the computed solution, the number of bull outnumber the number of cows to such an extent that they could not. The Cattle Problem has several real-world inconsistencies, and posed immense mathematical challenges to those. Burton, The History of Mathematics, 7th ed.
Andrews University, January Williams, R. German and C. XIX, Waterloo, Ontario, , pp. Dimock, Ed. There were 57, official. Immigration from other. As such, African immigration, both documented and undocumented, is an increasingly prominent national issue. Black and Colored are two different racial groups in South Africa. Blacks are those descended from the indigenous people of the region, such as the Xhosa, Zulu, etc, while Coloreds usually have lighter skin than Blacks and are mixed race. They are usually a combination of White European and Black, but they may also have blood from other parts of Africa or Asia.
Under apartheid, Coloreds had more status than Blacks, but not as much as Whites, certainly. Secondly, what social tensions exist between immigrants and South African Coloreds. Based on news stories, government publications, and scholarly work, it is clear that Zimbabwean migration has taken center stage in the national.
South Africa. They have become a scapegoat for many of the problems services, increased drug use, and crime. Economic competition is a key. In addition, immigrants especially Somalis also compete with South Africans in the informal trading. There are regular reports of South Africans. South Africans as cited in Johnson, , p.
The media and the rhetoric expressed by public figures promote negative perceptions. Immigrants are constantly linked to crime, with the ex-Director of General of. I conducted my research over the course of three weeks during a study-abroad trip with my university. I stayed in a fairly remote. Many people. Since almost all the spaza shops in Charlestown are owned by foreign-nationals, especially Somalis, I decided to make the presence. My professor and I walked around the township, stopping at every spaza. If someone shared their ideas willingly, we would mention that I was a student who was interested in learning more, and we would ask if they might talk to me again.
We tried to make it clear that we were not journalists or inspectors, but nevertheless, people understandably tended to be somewhat wary of us. I interpret this uneasiness as a sign that many. I conducted five interviews with foreign shop owners, one formal interview with a Colored shop owner in her living room, and two short conversations. A spaza shop is a small micro-convenience store found throughout the township that sells basic goods like bread, chips, telephone minutes, and cigarettes.
They are often run out of large shipping containers that the owners rent out. All the interviews with immigrant spaza shop owners were informal, taking place in the spaza. I also spoke with the manager of the establishment, who is White. I also interviewed a few other average residents who were not. Because I was a student who had never done fieldwork before, I.
Many of the conclusions in this study rely on my interpretations of what respondents said. I have filled certain gaps. However, I have countered this. Matthew and Robert, both Somalis, complained that it is difficult to. As he gestured to his own dark skin, pointing out that they are all Africans, he asked why South Africa does not allow other Africans to. He does not understand why such distinctions are being made between people who are all African. First, there are a lot of immigrants applying for asylum even.
Africa has very strict employment policies that prohibit employers from hiring foreign nationals if there are South African citizens. However, refugees. He only receives temporary work permits, and he is never guaranteed to get an extension. He said immigrants. One of his friends agreed. There are only five Refugee Reception Centres in the entire country, so immigrants may have to take time off work and travel long distances to apply for or renew their.
Thomas luckily has an understanding. I do not know if he was referring to paying official legal fees or bribes. Officially, refugee permits are free while most other permits cost money South Africa Government Services, n. Other studies have found that police. Gregory, a young, local. I am not sure if Gregory was referring to immigrants who do have a. Although the respondents did not. Another difficulty immigrants even documented ones face is that they.
Thus, Matthew, who has a permit, must store his. Matthew explained to us that he works really hard from am to pm every day, and losing all his savings. This sentiment is reflected nationally with McDonald. It seems that immigrants who live in the townships are. Thomas said immigrants around Charlestown. Because it is unlikely the police. However, a lot of immigrants might not be able to afford neighborhoods where they are more likely to get attacked Citizenship Rights in Africa, , p. He was surprised when the bystanders who had witnessed the beating blamed the Malawian man for starting the altercation.
The man had been stabbed, but bystanders. Gregory said this happens quite often. Tim is one very successful self-made Colored businessman in Charlestown. A few years ago the community was deciding if they should. A Colored shopkeeper named Collete and her daughter who. In , the South African Police Service strongly recommended that all spaza shops close by. Even still, Charman and Piper found that most immigrant. This stance implies that these shops are not targeted because they are foreign-owned and that if locals kept their. Using this rationale, South Africans blame immigrants for being the victims of crime.
John and Gregory, who are. However, this might be because these two men were craftsmen, so they might directly compete with unskilled immigrants in the construction industry. It comes as no surprise that immigrants are perceived as an unwanted source of competition. South Africans. From what I observed personally, I noticed that immigrant shop owners in Charlestown tend to hire people from their home countries. Matthew explained that the.
However, two of the three Colored shopkeepers I interviewed clearly expressed disapproval about this while the third implied by his tone. Also, the money does not stay in the community because immigrants often send remittances back home to support family members, or they might. To some people, the fact that immigrants send remittances to their.
Charlestown because there is always one nearby, and there are less customers at each one, so the lines are shorter. He said the immigrant. Charman and. According to many people, this frugal lifestyle is one of the main reasons why Malawians and other immigrants in Charlestown work for cheaper wages. Collete said that Malawians sleep underneath cardboard instead of living in real.
Collete and Kelly were visibly angered as they. John, on the other hand, states that immigrants have lower prices because they order less stock. South African shopkeepers are unable to. But according to Henry, South Africans. They cannot expand their businesses because they live luxurious lifestyles and cannot save up. African people at one of the tourism locations and all the boutique shops. Understandably, employers often prefer to hire immigrants because they will work for much cheaper.
Immigrants are willing to accept low wages partially due to their. Gregory says illegal immigrants will accept meager compensation because they cannot resist. Unlike South African citizens or documented. However, even documented immigrants experience exploitation. Another issue is that when immigrants accept lower wages than locals, they reduce the market price of labor, and if South Africans do not. Gregory was quite supportive of immigrants overall, but even he thought it was unfair to South. Immigrants are often much more prepared for certain kinds of work than locals, especially in terms of their educational qualifications.
This is especially true in the tourism industry where good English skills are important. Zimbabweans usually have an advantage in many service. Blacks are disadvantaged because of the apartheid educational system, which invested far less in Colored students than Whites and even less on African students compared to Coloreds Thompson, This upsets some of his co-workers. However, Thomas attributes his success to his unquenchable thirst.
By contrast, Thomas thinks South Africans are often ignorant and lack the. In this way, Thomas thinks South Africans cause their own problems. Employers might also prefer to hire immigrants because they work harder. It seems there are some crucial aspects of the immigrant experience that motivate people whether they. But as he also pointed out, local people also have families depending on them, yet they are. Resentment between South Africans and immigrants can be a two-way street because many immigrants blame South African Coloreds.
As I discussed above, Henry believes that South Africans cannot run and expand their own spaza shops because they live luxurious.
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He thinks people borrow too much money, which consequently causes corruption as they. Similarly, Ian and his Colored friend Jared say that people complain that immigrants cause too much competition, but they never start their own shops. As stated above, immigrants think. When comparing South Africa to his home country, Kurt said that people back home build their own houses; the government does not simply. Both locals and immigrants claimed that South African Coloreds and Blacks drink too much, which causes them to be economically.
Ian and Jared said that Colored people excessively drink, and this in part makes them incapable of managing successful spaza. I asked Liam, a White tour guide, why he does not hire Xhosa workers, and he said that he has tried to hire Xhosa, but he has been. However, alcoholism is especially prominent in the Cape. Africans may have worked in these situations and became alcoholics, and many may drink excessively after they get paid.
Christopher explained why the Xhosa, rather than the Coloreds, are in. Colored people expect higher wages than the Xhosa, so employers usually hire Xhosa for. Xhosa are often less educated and speak poorer English than Coloreds because, as discussed. Another source of error might be caused by the way my questions were framed. I asked people. This paper incorporates the results from my qualitative research as well as the relevant.
Zeno's Arrow (Part 2 of The San Francisco Trilogy) by Phil Semler
This research has several holes that I hope future researchers will be able to mend. Only four of the approximately 19 respondents were women, and. I also did not interview any Malawians or Zimbabweans, which is unfortunate because there is a significant Malawian population in. The lack of in-depth data is also due to the fact that I only had three weeks to organize and conduct all the interviews.
I hope that future researchers can spend more time in Charlestown developing relationships and connecting genuinely with respondents so. Africa holds for the country. Only in this way will the state and other organizations be able to address and minimize the social tensions and improve the quality of life for everyone. African National Congress. May 1, Baldauf, S. April 12, The Christian Science Monitor.
Central Intelligence Agency. October, The World Factbook: South Africa. Charman, A. Unpublished Manuscript. Citizenship Rights in Africa. Department of Home Affairs. Civic Services Section. Education USA. The Educational System of South Africa. Institute for Security Studies. Pretoria, South Africa: Jonny Steinberg. Retrieved from www. International Federation for Human Rights. Surplus People? International Organization for Migration. Arcadia, South Africa: Schachter, J. Johnson, Vernon D. Ethnic Studies Review, 33 1 , Jolly, J. Migrants Tell of Township Tensions.
BBC News. Moorhouse, L. Human Resource Development International, 13 5 , Rodriguez, K. International Journal Of Qualitative Methods, 10 4 , Cape Town, South Africa. Thompson, Leonard. A History of South Africa. New Haven: Yale Nota Bene. Geneva, Switzerland. Personal Communication: Lecture and Informal Interview. July Personal Communication: Formal Interview. Personal Communication: Informal Interview. James Personal Communication: Informal Conversation.
Jared: Personal Communication: Informal Interview. Forwarded email regarding xenophobic attacks in Charlestown. Email communication. June Names and places referred in these interview citations are fictional to protect the identities of respondents. The episode introduces Sasha Grey with excerpts from her pornography: short clips of Grey wearing lingerie, preparing to go on set, and approaching the camera in a come-hither fashion.
Foucault asserts that procedures of confession and scientific discursivity have created a sexual discourse that has intertwined power and pleasure which overlap, seek out, and underpin one another. This is done through a clinical codification of the inducement to speak, the claim of a general and diffuse causality, the principle of latency, method of interpretation, and the medicalization of the effects of confession.
In seventeenth century Western Europe, the bourgeois society grew. Bourgeois morality insisted that sex was a shameful waste. As a result, the bourgeoisie gained ideological power over discourse concerning sex. Church heavily enforced confession, the idea of sexual sin was prescribed spoken words and was subsequently. Foucault explains:.
Insofar as possible, nothing was meant to elude this dictum, even if the words it employed at to be carefully neutralized. Between the state and the individual, sex became an issue, and a public issue no less; a whole web of discourses, special. Teens in the Sex Trade focuses on Grey as an unwedded, barely-legal young woman even though she willingly works in pornography and is a public advocate. Through a clinical codification of the inducement to speak, Banks combines the confession with examination:.
Foucault explains that while schools in the eighteenth century silenced the. Repression and sex became an unquestionable. He might be a couple years older than that, yeah. B anks : And you were only 18? Grey is treated like an impulsive child in Grey were married to the co-star, for example, their sexual. In one part of the show Grey tells Banks about her first pornography film. She recalls asking her co-star if he would like to punch her in the stomach. The show proceeds:. B anks : And so you asked him to punch you in your stomach?
And so he punched you in your stomach? G rey : No. The discourse of sexuality requires a permanent cause for all desires, which is why Banks interrupts and clarifies. Discourse channeled toward disordered sexuality does not aim for suppression but rather aims to give it a. It cannot be offered freely On Teens in the Sex Trade, Banks finds it. There must be and medicalizable object, one had to try and detect it—as.
The psychiatric investigation, pedagogical report, and family controls have thus transformed the power. The crowd gazes at the spectacle in the same way Banks gazes at. The Tyra Show also illuminates how the medical confession appears to be a healing experience in which the doctor figure. Pornography is legal.
Grey, however, lacks agency in the interrogation process and is interrupted even when speaking in agreement. Banks goes. Tyra Show rather than the doctor, host, and interrogator. Although Grey possesses little authority in the conversational. Show Sex positivity is an ideological movement that emphasizes that sex exceeds mere reproductive purposes. Participants in the movement consider sex to. Although the heterosexual marriage unit is not. Although the interviewee Sasha Grey expresses that she genuinely enjoys working in pornography, recent research shows that thousands of women, girls, and boys are coerced to work in pornography and prostitution each year.
We encourage readers to consider all sides of this global issue and to engage in their own research about modern day slavery and the sex trafficking industry. Rather, I wish to expose. Even if the content of the Tyra Show seeks sexual repression, there is an undeniable circulation of discourse concerning sexual behavior. Foucault, Michel. A Critical and Cultural Theory Reader.
Second Edition ed. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. New York: Norton, The two stories are parallel in the sense that the key female character struggles with the restrictions of a Christian and male-dominated society, and she attempts to take. Further, in the two novels, despite the reality. In the early pages of the novel, Catherine is not a representative of female empowerment but is rather a figure bound by the constraints.
She is proposed to by Edgar. As Davie S. And you both come to bewail the deed to me, as if you were the people to be. Heathcliff for the grief they have caused her, she resolves on and eventually succeeds in dying by starvation and sickness. This is a strange. The intertwined nature of the supernatural, religious commentary, and. Her refusal of. Rochester asks Jane to become his mistress and she refuses. Blom argues that even before she becomes aware of his. Rochester, in combination with her refusal to live a life of Christian martyrdom with St. John Rivers, places Jane.
It is important once again to emphasize that the spirit who. Rochester has become a blind cripple. Shortly after greeting him, Jane indicates. Jane and Mr. Rochester is one that is beneficial to them both; Mr. Rochester is given long-overdue lessons in humility while Jane is still. It additionally illustrates that she is no longer merely. Rochester; instead, she has become an active and even dominant participant. In both texts, instances of religious divergence, the supernatural and feminine sovereignty all impart the ultimate. The actions and words of key characters in the two novels acts in combination with the supernatural.
The intertwining of the supernatural, the departure. There is no need to be frantic! Charlotte Bronte, Jane Eyre, Franklin, J. Gavin, Adrienne E. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave, Griesinger, Emily. Grudin, Peter D. Katz, Rachel. Kelly, Patrick. LaMonaca, Maria. Mulvey-Roberts, Marie. The Handbook of the Gothic.
Blom, M. The Victorian Supernatural. Cambridge, England: Cambridge UP, Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. London: Wordsworth Editions Limited, Bronte, Emily. Wuthering Heights. Davis, Davie S. Rigby, Elizabeth. Taylor, Irene. Tytler, Graeme. For the frail and seriously ill, arranging transportation to medical appointments can be a serious trial. When people suffer from chronic. In managing the health of chronically and seriously ill patients, frequent health screenings are critical in preventing hospitalization.
Not only does home-based primary care improve the quality. Countries such as Canada, the United Kingdom and Denmark rely. As our population ages, our health care system must adjust to meet the needs of. However, the advent of electrocardiograms EKGs and. As a result, patients must travel to these diagnostic tools to have their. Academy of Home Care Physicians, n.
In the United States, at least two million people over the age of 65 are. The medical technology required for these types of. Clinics and hospitals remove people from the context of their daily lives, making it difficult to understand. For the ten percent of patients that must manage serious. Additionally, 7.
This is partly because the United States is the only. For patients with multiple chronic conditions, this type of intimate knowledge is. Further, house calls make it easier for health. For example, it is easier to demonstrate the best. First, in addition to changing the way health care is managed in the United States, the Patient Protection and Affordable. In an effort to improve the cost, being paid to the service delivery component of health. Treatment of chronically and seriously ill patients represents the largest portion of health care spending in the United States.
Second, palliative care has become a growing part of health care in the United States. As a specialized medical care for patients with serious and chronic illnesses, palliative care. Furthermore, palliative care emphasizes. One such nurse practitioner is Jody Hoppis, who serves patients in. Bellingham, Washington. Hoppis visits patients at their homes using her bicycle for transportation with the help. Carena is a private company based out of Seattle that contracts with companies like Microsoft. Carena uses the latest technology to provide the same.
Patients can contact a doctor or nurse practitioner 24 hours a day via webcam. Carena low-cost assessment methods could provide significant savings if a similar program was adopted by Medicare and Medicaid. According to Carena, about 75 percent of calls are resolved via webcam and only 25 percent require an in person visit to a doctor.
For some elderly patients, the technological literacy required to operate a. The program provides require acute hospital in-patient care such as pneumonia and heart failure. Hospitalization is often difficult for the. However, Hospital at Home patients were less like to. Additionally, no study has discovered detrimental effects of the program, and patients who receive Hospital at Home. This is crucial because high stress in patients is detrimental. Even if Hospital at Home does not save money or improve outcomes, the. Also, with hospital treatment in. The ACA has provided some incentives and means to implement the return of house calls.
Hubmaier burned at the stake in Vienna. Thousands were actually slain. Until 17th century , flee. Already in the 4th and 5th centuries synagogues were burned by Christians. Number of Jews slain unknown. In the middle of the fourth century the first synagogue was destroyed on command of bishop Innocentius of Dertona in Northern Italy. The first synagogue known to have been burned down was near the river Euphrat, on command of the bishop of Kallinikon in the year Council of Toledo Jews were enslaved, their property confiscated, and their children forcibly baptized.
Beginning with Columbus a former slave trader and would-be Holy Crusader the conquest of the New World began, as usual understood as a means to propagate Christianity. The stench was very great and pestiferous. Hatuey replied that if heaven was where the Christians went, he would rather go to hell.
Six hundred, including the cacique, were thus slain like brute beasts…Vasco [de Balboa] ordered forty of them to be torn to pieces by dogs. The slaughter had barely begun. The exquisite city of Tenochtitln [Mexico city] was next. By that time probably more than 60,, natives were dead. Although none of the settlers would have survived winter without native help, they soon set out to expel and exterminate the Indians.
Warfare among north American Indians was rather harmless, in comparison to European standards, and was meant to avenge insults rather than conquer land. The killers were New England Puritan Christians, refugees from persecution in their own home country England. When however, a dead colonist was found, apparently killed by Narragansett Indians, the Puritan colonists wanted revenge.
Somehow they seem to have lost the idea of what they were after, because when they were greeted by Pequot Indians long-time foes of the Narragansetts the troops nevertheless made war on the Pequots and burned their villages. All this was before the smallpox epidemics of and had occurred. And the carnage was not over then. All the above was only the beginning of the European colonization, it was before the frontier age actually had begun. A total of maybe more than million Indians of both Americas were destroyed in the period of to , as an average two thirds by smallpox and other epidemics, that leaves some 50 million killed directly by violence, bad treatment and slavery.
In many countries, such as Brazil, and Guatemala, this continues even today. More Glorious events in US history. Catholic extermination camps Surpisingly few know that Nazi extermination camps in World War II were by no means the only ones in Europe at the time. In the years also in Croatia existed numerous extermination camps, run by Catholic Ustasha under their dictator Ante Paveli, a practising Catholic and regular visitor to the then pope. There were even concentration camps exclusively for children! In these camps — the most notorious was Jasenovac, headed by a Franciscan friar — orthodox-Christian serbians and a substantial number of Jews were murdered.
Like the Nazis the Catholic Ustasha burned their victims in kilns, alive the Nazis were decent enough to have their victims gassed first. But most of the victims were simply stabbed, slain or shot to death, the number of them being estimated between , and ,, in a rather tiny country. Many of the killers were Franciscan friars. The pope knew about these events and did nothing to prevent them. Although the victorious assured religious freedom to all most non-buddhist Vietnamese were Catholics , due to huge anticommunist propaganda campaigns many Catholics fled to the South.
Diem saw to it that U. The only religious denomination to be supported was Roman Catholicism. The Vietnamese McCarthyism turned even more vicious than its American counterpart. Note that Buddhists burned themselves: in comparison Christians tend to burn others. Meanwhile some of the prison camps, which in the meantime were filled with Protestant and even Catholic protesters as well, had turned into no-nonsense death camps. It is estimated that during this period of terror at least 24, were wounded — mostly in street riots — 80, people were executed, , had been detained or tortured, and about , were sent to concentration or detention camps.
Rwanda Massacres In in the small african country of Rwanda in just a few months several hundred thousand civilians were butchered, apparently a conflict of the Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups. For quite some time I heard only rumours about Catholic clergy actively involved in the Rwanda massacres.
Odd denials of involvement were printed in Catholic church journals, before even anybody had openly accused members of the church. He was minister of the church of the Holy Family and allegedly murdered Tutsis in the most brutal manner. He is reported to have accompanied marauding Hutu militia with a gun in his cowl.
In fact there has been a bloody slaughter of Tutsis seeking shelter in his parish. Even two years after the massacres many Catholics refuse to set foot on the threshold of their church, because to them the participation of a certain part of the clergy in the slaughter is well established. There is almost no church in Rwanda that has not seen refugees — women, children, old — being brutally butchered facing the crucifix. According to eyewitnesses clergymen gave away hiding Tutsis and turned them over to the machetes of the Hutu militia. In connection with these events again and again two Benedictine nuns are mentioned, both of whom have fled into a Belgian monastery in the meantime to avoid prosecution.
According to survivors one of them called the Hutu killers and led them to several thousand people who had sought shelter in her monastery. By force the doomed were driven out of the churchyard and were murdered in the presence of the nun right in front of the gate. The other one is also reported to have directly cooperated with the murderers of the Hutu militia. In her case again witnesses report that she watched the slaughtering of people in cold blood and without showing response.
Hmm, when Christians murder they are clearly going against the teachings of Christ, but when Darwinists murder, the fittest are merely surviving,. Is it legitimate to condemn religion for historical atrocities? First we had better examine the facts. I got a call from a gentleman from San Francisco who was exorcised about Christian missionaries going into foreign lands.
Then he started talking about not only the destruction of indigenous beliefs, but also the destruction of missionaries. He also said that Christians and religious groups are responsible for the greatest massacres of history. It turns out he was quite supportive of Wicca and indigenous religions which worship the Mother Earth force, Gaia. This is essentially the basic foundation for witchcraft and I made a comment then that this was basically what he was talking about. But a couple of the things that he said were a challenge to me. Not only did he assert that historically missionaries have destroyed cultures and indigenous religions at the point of a gun, but also Christian and religion were responsible for most of the bloodshed in the world, or the great majority of it.
There are people who make accusations and assertions that are empirically false. This is one of them. The assertion is that religion has caused most of the killing and bloodshed in the world. The greatest atrocities committed against man were done in the name of God. Before I get to the particular facts, there is more than just a factual problem here. There is a theoretical problem as well and I tried to make the point that we must distinguish between what an individual or group of people do and what the code that they allegedly follow actually asserts.
The fact is that there are people who do things consistently that are inconsistent with the code that they allegedly follow. But often times when that happens, especially where religion is concerned, the finger is pointed not at the individual who is choosing to do something barbaric, but at the code he claims to represent. People object to a religion that used barbaric means to spread the faith.
The difference between that and Christianity is that when Christianity was spread by the edge of the sword it was done so in contradistinction to the actually teachings of Christianity. This is when individual people who claim to be Christians actually did things that were inconsistent with their faith. We know what a real Christian is.
A real Christian is someone who believes particular things and lives a particular kind of lifestyle. John makes it clear that those who consistently live unrighteously are ipso facto by definition not part of the faith. That is the case frequently where people waving the Bible in one hand are also waving a bloody sword in the other. The two are inconsistent. Distinguish between what a person does and what the code they claim to follow actually asserts. My assertion as I responded to the gentleman who called last week was simply this, it is true that there are Christians who do evil things.
The rule actually is that when we remove God from the equation, when we act and live as if we have no one to answer to but ourselves, and if there is not God, then the rule of law is social Darwinism—the strong rule the weak. Apparently, between June and September of five men and fourteen women were eventually convicted and hanged because English law called for the death penalty for witchcraft which, incidentally, was the same as the Old Testament.
During this time there were over others that were imprisoned. Things finally ended in September when Governor William Phipps dissolved the court because his wife had been accused. He said enough of this insanity. The judge that was presiding over the trials publicly confessed his guilt in In the colonies legislatures made reparation to the heirs of the victims. They annulled the convictions. I guess the point is that there was a witch hunt.
I think last week the caller said it was millions and millions that were burned at the stake as witches. It seemed that the witch hunt was a result of theological misapplication and the people who were involved were penitent. The whole witch hunt lasted only a year. Sixteen people were hanged in New England for witchcraft prior to In the witch hunt nineteen were executed.
One hundred fifty imprisoned.
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This is not at all to diminish or minimize the impact of the American witch hunts which resulted in thirty-five deaths. But thirty-five is not millions. It is not hundreds of thousands. This was not genocide. Now in Europe it was a little different. Joan of Arc was burned at the stake for practicing witchcraft in Over a period of years, from to , the Christian church put to death , women accused of witchcraft, about per year. Not millions. You can also read in Newsweek, August 31, I was accused of being a liar last week. There were two Inquisitions. One of them began right around the end of the first millennium in It began as an attempt to root out heretics and occurred chiefly in France, Germany, Italy and Spain.
The Spanish Inquisition followed in the fourteenth century and was much bloodier. It began as a feudal aristocracy which forced religious values on society. Jews were caught in the middle of this and many of them were killed. About executions took place. The Inquisition that took place at the turn of the millennium, less than that. There were actually seven different Crusades and tens of thousands died in them. Most of them were a misdirected attempt to free the Holy Land. There were some positive aspects to them, but they were basically an atrocity over a couple hundred years.
All of the children who went to fight died along the way. Some were shipwrecked and the rest were taken into slavery in Egypt. A blight on Christianity? Something wrong? Dismally wrong. A tragedy? Of course. Millions and millions of people killed? The numbers are tragic, but pale in comparison to the statistics of what non-religion criminals have committed.
Certainly they are. But it is not religion that produces these things; it is the denial of Biblical religion that generally leads to this kind of things. The statistics that are the result of irreligious genocide stagger the imagination. The Walker Report published by the U. Senate Committee of the Judiciary in July placed the parameters of the total death toll in China since between 32 and An estimate of In the U. According to the Khmer Rouge foreign minister, more than one third of the eight million Khmer were killed between April 17, and January One third of the entire country was put to death under the rule of Pol Pott, the founder of the Communist Part of Kampuchea.
During that time towns, money and property were abolished. Economic execution by bayonet and club introduced for such offenses as falling asleep during the day, asking to too many questions, playing non-communist music, being old and feeble, being the offspring of an undesirable, or being too well educated. In fact, deaths in the Tuol Sleng interrogation center in Pnom Penh, which is the capitol of Kampuchea, reached in a day. Then in Chinese history of the thirteenth to seventeenth centuries there were three periods of wholesale massacre.
The numbers of victims attributed to these events are assertions rather than reliable estimates. The figures put on the Mongolian invasion of northern China form to and from to are both on the order of 35 million people. While the number of victims of bandit leader Chang Hsien-chung, known as the Yellow Tiger, from to in the Sichuan province has been put at over one million people.
China under Mao Tse Tung, According the Walker Report, Solzhenitsyn says the Soviet Union put to death Kampuchea destroyed one third of their entire population of eight million Cambodians. The Chinese in medieval history, somewhere in the vicinity of 35 million and 40 million people. Ladies and gentlemen, make note that these deaths were the result of organizations or points of view or ideologies that had left God out of the equation.
None of these involve religion. And all but the very last actually assert atheism.
http://badged-by.com/mobile-telegram-track-oneplus-7.php He asks this in this illustration. If you were walking down a dark street at night in the center of Los Angeles and you saw ten young men walking towards you, would you feel more comfortable if you knew that they had just come from a Bible class? Of course, the answer is certainly you would.
That demonstrates that religion, and Biblical religion in particular, is a mitigator of evil in the world. So it can produce it, but the historical fact is that outright rejection of God and institutionalizing of atheism actually does produce evil on incredible levels. Moreover, as an atheist, you have no objective morality in which to declare murder evil. You have to steal morality from Christianity in order to try to say Christianity is immoral for murders wrongly done in its name.
Are murders by Christians better more moral than murders by atheists? Seems to me the end result is the same. And, based on the numbers, neither side has clean hands. Maybe the root cause has nothing to do with theism or atheism. Just a thought. And as a theist, neither do you. You only think you do. It seems to me that morality is a moving target, between cultures, within cultures and over time.
If it is objective, it sure does an excellent impression of being subjective. No, I adopt my morality from many sources. My parents, my teachings, my acquaintances, my experience, Christianity, Hinduism, Bhuddism, Islam, native culture, society, my cat, etc. I also use the brain that I was born with to reason what the best strategy for a long and happy life within society is. It is amazing that when you use that few pounds of grey goo that resides in your skull, you can easily figure out why stealing, killing, hitting, lying, cheating, discriminating, etc. But if you need a mythical outside authority to tell you how you should act, I am fine with that as well.
But if this mythical outside authority is telling you to force others to accept your beliefs or die, or strap on a dynamite vest, or crash a plane, we might have words. Yet, as pointed out and you completely ignored, Christ himself does not consider such people Christians. Matthew Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.
The little fact that Christ himself does not consider such people as Christians is a major fail on your part for your atheistic druthers to try to label Christianity itself as evil. Further down your post I noticed that you did not mention atheism in your list of possible sources for your personal subjective morality. I adopt my morality from many sources. Is this an honest omission on your part?
An honest admission on your part that morality cannot possibly be based within atheism? The advantageous effect of religious belief and spirituality on mental and physical health is one of the best-kept secrets in psychiatry and medicine generally. If the findings of the huge volume of research on this topic had gone in the opposite direction and it had been found that religion damages your mental health, it would have been front-page news in every newspaper in the land. A subjective morality that tells him its OK to kill you and your family because it is morally good for him to do so for the sake of his personal interests?
Thanks to modern science, we can look directly at the empirical evidence itself and see whether morality is objective of subjective. Not so, found the researchers. Eudaimonic well-being was, indeed, associated with a significant decrease in the stress-related CTRA gene expression profile. In contrast, hedonic well-being was associated with a significant increase in the CTRA profile. Their genomics-based analyses, the authors reported, reveal the hidden costs of purely hedonic well-being. And although the nuanced genetic response between noble vs.
Quantum Consciousness — Time Flies Backwards? The subjects view a computer screen on which appear at randomly varying intervals a series of images, some of which are emotionally neutral, and some of which are highly emotional violent, sexual…. Recently Professor Bierman University of Amsterdam repeated these experiments with subjects in an fMRI brain imager and found emotional responses in brain activity up to 4 seconds before the stimuli. Moreover he looked at raw data from other laboratories and found similar emotional responses before stimuli appeared.
Moreover, whereas there is no ultimate accountability for evil within atheism, there is in Christianity. For proof that Christianity is true in its claim, I reference complete life reviews in Near Death Experiences. For by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned. In fact, two of our best theories in science, Special and General Relativity respectively, reveal two very different eternities. A Heavenly and Hellish eternity respectively:. He conquered through it. He compelled their dark achievements to sub-serve his end, not theirs.
They nailed him to the tree, not knowing that by that very act they were bringing the world to his feet. They gave him a cross, not guessing that he would make it a throne. They flung him outside the gates to die, not knowing that in that very moment they were lifting up all the gates of the universe, to let the King of Glory come in. They thought to root out his doctrines, not understanding that they were implanting imperishably in the hearts of men the very name they intended to destroy.
They thought they had defeated God with His back to the wall, pinned and helpless and defeated: they did not know that it was God Himself who had tracked them down. He did not conquer in spite of the dark mystery of evil. How convenient. When people commit atrocities based on a misinterpretation of Scriptures, they are not Christians. But when people commit atrocities based on a misinterpretation of evolution, they are Darwinists.
Do you have your cake and eat it too, much? An honest admission on your part that morality cannot possibly be based within atheism. Atheism does not claim to be the source or conduit of morality. We leave that delusion to theists and their religions. If eating your neighbour for supper gives you a survival advantage, then natural selection would select you as being more fit than those moral Christians who died because they refused to eat their neighbour for supper when they were starving because they thought it was wrong.
Sometimes the truth is adaptive, but sometimes it is not. If survival is the only standard, we can never know which ideas are true and which are adaptive but false. To make the dilemma even more puzzling, evolutionists tell us that natural selection has produced all sorts of false concepts in the human mind.
Many evolutionary materialists maintain that free will is an illusion, consciousness is an illusion, even our sense of self is an illusion — and that all these false ideas were selected for their survival value. So how can we know whether the theory of evolution itself is one of those false ideas? The theory undercuts itself. The point is that he has no philosophical basis for doing so. Only those who affirm a rational Creator have a basis for trusting human rationality. The reason so few atheists and materialists seem to recognize the problem is that, like Darwin, they apply their skepticism selectively.
They apply it to undercut only ideas they reject, especially ideas about God. They make a tacit exception for their own worldview commitments. The theory proposes that the human mind is a product of natural selection. The implication is that the ideas in our minds were selected for their survival value, not for their truth-value. But what if we apply that theory to itself? Then it, too, was selected for survival, not truth — which discredits its own claim to truth.
Evolutionary epistemology commits suicide. Astonishingly, many prominent thinkers have embraced the theory without detecting the logical contradiction. Why Atheism is Nonsense Pt. Evolution only passes on traits that help a species survive, and not concerned with preserving traits that tell a species what is actually true about life. Donald Hoffman: Do we see reality as it is? So, in my lab, we have run hundreds of thousands of evolutionary game simulations with lots of different randomly chosen worlds and organisms that compete for resources in those worlds.
Some of the organisms see all of the reality. Others see just part of the reality. And some see none of the reality. Only fitness. Who wins? Well I hate to break it to you but perception of reality goes extinct. In almost every simulation, organisms that see none of reality, but are just tuned to fitness, drive to extinction that perceive reality as it is.
So the bottom line is, evolution does not favor veridical, or accurate perceptions. Those accurate perceptions of reality go extinct. Now this is a bit stunning. How can it be that not seeing the world accurately gives us a survival advantage? The Evolutionary Argument Against Reality — April The cognitive scientist Donald Hoffman uses evolutionary game theory to show that our perceptions of an independent reality must be illusions. That sounds very plausible. But I think it is utterly false. The mathematical physicist Chetan Prakash proved a theorem that I devised that says: According to evolution by natural selection, an organism that sees reality as it is will never be more fit than an organism of equal complexity that sees none of reality but is just tuned to fitness.
Why do you ask? Have you had a craving to eat your neighbour that has only been halted by your Christian belief? You are beginning to worry me. This is an important point. Atheists will differ, I am sure, on the nature and relative importance of the source of their beliefs.
By the way, atheism is not identical with materialism: there are a number of non-theistic but non-materialistic metaphysics. This point should be kept in mind in discussions here. I was wondering if you atheistic geniuses could give me a hand with a puzzle I have been fiddling with. You see, under atheism, personhood, i. Dawkins, Harris, Dennet, and Coyne make basically the very same claim as Crick, co-discoverer of DNA, and claim that we are not really persons, as everybody believes we are real persons, but that we are instead merely neuronal illusions of the brain. Besides our conscious experience, Atheists also claim that our free will is an illusion.
But their very stated position is that any mental state — including their position on this issue — is the effect of a physical, not logical cause. The only condition under which we could possibly find their argument convincing is if they are not true. The claim that free will is an illusion requires the possibility that minds have the freedom to assent to a logical argument, a freedom denied by the claim itself. It is an assent that must, in order to remain logical and not physiological, presume a perspective outside the physical order.
Now here is my problem. If subjective conscious experience of personhood is an illusion generated by the brain, and free will is also an illusion generated by the brain, then how in blue blazes are my illusions of free will always miraculously coinciding with the illusory intentions of my illusory self. MN entails an ontology in which minds are the consequence of physics, and thus, can only be placeholders for a more detailed causal account in which physics is the only ultimate actor.
Physics did, and informed the illusion of you of that event after the fact. Your personal agency; your mind. Are you supernatural? If it does collapse — i. To explain the effects you bring about in the world — such as your email, a real pattern — we must refer to you as a unique agent.